Seminar 6 - DEEP MAPPING with Nuno Sacramento 
Deep Mapping, introduction to the concept.  
A brief overview of book 
An Attempt at Exhausting a Place in Paris – George Perec, pdf. His idea of the infra-ordinary very interesting. 
Petrol Subjectivity. - How lives totally dependent/related to oil and carbon, and if there is any way out of this.  
Maps often attempt to over simplify reality, conventions we always agree on, but never discuss.  City maps point you to the enjoyment and consumption of the city. Funded by commerce. 
Deep Map versus ‘thin’ maps. Deep map doesn’t have to be a diagrammatic interpretation. Thin maps can't define an area with its complexities. A place may exist with many contradictions simultaneously. Thin maps use the view from above, birds eye view, whereas deep maps are proposed from the ‘worms eye view’. 
Prairy Erth: A Deep Map – William Least Heat-Moon, an American author, (no PDF’s available to download for free – ordered book.) 
Most maps are made by a dominant culture, that wants to survey the landscape, that wants to own the landscape, militarise the landscape. This same view is also visible in drones. Progress of military development - Automation.  
How can deep mapping be used to connect with the voices that are supressed? 
Deep mapping is not objective, it is applied subjectively by individuals or groups. 
Deep maps are made by collecting the voices of all the groups (human and non-human) that live alongside us.  
Resources – some people who are dedicated to giving back more than we take, to then create a resource that can exist. 
Camp Breakdown, Idea of Rewilding. Deindustrialisation, industrialisation has changed our entire world, bringing benefits but changing our perceptions of time. The regimentation of lives by the clock. - How can we change our lives in ways to preserve our world? 
Moving the car from the dominant object.   
Deep Listening – Sonic Methodology developed by composer Pauline Oliveros. Listening, but trying to abolish hierarchy of noise, to balance all sounds, eyes closed for an hour at a time. Not a spiritual act although some people may use it to that end.  
Plant Specialist – Weeds - plants in the wrong place’. An interesting perspective that fits in with the ideas of deep mapping, the dominant culture classes them as weeds, as they do not fit in with their perspective of what a plant should be.  
The poor had no lawyers – Andy Wightman - no pdfs available, ordered the book.  
A deep map can be made by digging in research and stacking up these approaches – stories, languages, using words in dialects to characterise the landscape. To go after things that are too abstractive to be academic, in everyday life.  
Brett Bloom, Petrol Subjectivity – Halfletter Press. Available to buy both this and Deep Mapping. - I have a downloaded pdf of both, Deep Mapping is now available to buy for $8, with $13 shipping. Will wait until both are in stock, however, there is maybe a question of the ecological concern over ordering to be sent from America, in relation to the ideas raised in the second book. 

Personal Reflection 
The key concern of who makes maps, and why are they made? What is the gain? Is something that could be of great importance within my research, I am currently investigating the topic of wildness within the landscape of Scotland, and this has been highlighted by a study and a map of the areas to go along with it. The purpose of these areas is up for debate, and along with this the purpose of the study is debatable too. It is organisations both publicly and privately funded that have a hand in putting it together, which raises a concern regarding the reasoning behind it, and the use that was intended.  
I had previously heard a Guest at Gray’s talk with Nuno regarding Deep Mapping, which I had found really inspirational, and although I was looking forward to hearing more on the subject, I was also a bit concerned that the talk would be a repeat of the same content. However, I felt that this was a fresh take even on his own past work, and that there was little revisiting, rather adding a further layer of complexity upon the past information. The additional materials suggested have been useful, and I have downloaded and printed Nuno and Brett’s book to further delve into the concept.  
I felt that the overview of the Camp Breakdown, was not as beneficial or interesting to myself, and I feel although it sounded quite an interesting gathering, with a diverse group of artists and participants, and the methods presented gave a range of differing approaches to the same concept. I feel that it lacked the benefit to myself, as I was looking to further my understanding of how I could approach the concept within my practice, and predominantly I would be working on my own and photographically. I do accept that this may be missing the point of what Nuno was putting across, that it was a group activity that was bringing different voices together, but the more practical element of how I would sustain my practice over the MA, was at the forefront of my thinking.  
I feel in this regard that I will need to apply some of the concepts to my work, in particular, the questioning of the purpose of the maps and boundaries that I am looking at within the area. I am dealing with areas that have a range of maps. From some historical military maps to aid with the conquering of the Jacobite Rebellion, and subsequent control of the highlands, some land boundary maps to show ownership and estates, as well as more modern maps that on the surface are aimed at the leisure/tourism industry.  
I feel that the point of the maps being made by those in power to exert control is evident within all of these, and it would be interesting to see if there is a dissenting voice within the mapping, albeit maybe through an outcome that is not diagrammatic. This could be a further element to research, and does raise some ideas for outcomes, that are time based, a ‘map’ or response to the area that is fleeting and not easily disseminated or documented. I could look at development to move away from archival, to try to find purposefully unstable images, that will dissipate over a short period of time, that is spread more through word of mouth rather than viewing of images – this is something I will have to further investigate, and pull apart, but could add a less conventional element to the work and a divergence from traditional methods of display and concepts of use of landscape photography.  
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